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Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is illegal in the UK. It’s also illegal to take a British national or permanent resident abroad for FGM or to help someone trying to do this.
The maximum sentence for carrying out FGM or helping it to take place is 14 years in prison.
FGM is any procedure that’s designed to alter or injure a girl’s (or woman’s) genital organs for non-medical reasons.
It’s sometimes known as ‘female circumcision’ or ‘female genital cutting’. It’s mostly carried out on young girls.
FGM procedures can cause:
If you know someone at risk
Contact the the NSPCC anonymously if you’re worried that a girl or young woman is at risk of FGM or is a victim of FGM.
Telephone: 0800 028 3550
If you know someone in immediate danger
Contact the police if you think that a girl or young woman is in immediate danger of FGM.
You should also contact the Foreign and Commonwealth Office if she’s already been taken abroad.
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Telephone: 020 7008 1500
From overseas: +44 (0)20 7008 1500
Mandatory Reporting of FGM
To read more about Mandatory Reporting of FGM click here
Get a protection order
You can apply to get a protection order from the court if:
• you’re a victim of FGM
• you or someone you know is in danger of FGM
Download and fill in an application form (FGM001).
Read the guidance to find out which courts you can apply to.
You can search for help and advice in your area if you’re worried that someone is in danger of FGM or if you’re a victim of FGM.
You can also contact:
The Safeguarding Children Board at your local council
Foundation for Women’s Health Research and Development (FORWARD)
NHS specialist clinics for FGM
Daughters of Eve
The students at Frederick Bremer School have been raising awareness of FGM with local campaigner Hibo Wardere
Forced Marriage/Honour Based Marriage
A forced marriage is where one or both people do not (or in cases of people with learning disabilities, cannot) consent to the marriage and pressure or abuse is used. It is an appalling and indefensible practice and is recognised in the UK as a form of violence against women and men, domestic/child abuse and a serious abuse of human rights.
The pressure put on people to marry against their will can be physical (including threats, actual physical violence and sexual violence) or emotional and psychological (for example, when someone is made to feel like they’re bringing shame on their family). Financial abuse (taking your wages or not giving you any money) can also be a factor.
Legislation on Forced Marriage
The Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014 makes it a criminal offence to force someone to marry.
Details of the new law can be found on the Legislation website
Forcing someone to marry can result in a sentence of up to 7 years in prison
Disobeying a Forced Marriage Protection Order can result in a sentence of up to 5 years in prison
To read the updated legal guidance visit: www.gov.uk/guidance/forced-marriage
For more information about Forced Marriage click here.
For more information on how to get help and support click here.
The Freedom Charity
The Freedom Charity empowers young people to feel they have the tools and confidence to support each other and have practical ways in which they can help their best friend around the issues of family relationships
which can lead to early and forced marriage and dishonour based violence, Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and Human Rights abuse. For more info about The Freedom Charity visit: http://www.freedomcharity.org.uk/
Right to choose’ campaign videos
The Forced Marriage Unit commissioned 3 short videos to highlight the increased reports of forced marriage during the Summer holidays. These videos show how to spot the signs of forced marriage and focus on 3 young
people all affected by these issues.To see the videos visit: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/forced-marriage
'But it’s not fair' (by Aneeta Prem)
'But it’s not fair' is a fictional account of different perspectives on forced marriages that’s useful reading for school children and teachers. To read the series of accounts click here